Achilles tendon is a fibrous tissue that links the calf muscles and the heel. The flexibility of the tendon is used for walking, jumping, and running; therefore, it bears a lot of pressure and stress during everyday activities. When the Achilles tendon is irritated, inflamed, and swollen is known as tendonitis. Achilles tendon injury can happen to anybody if the tissue is under pressure.
Tendon injury common symptoms
Pain during activities and often tend to get worse with the level of activity.
Pain near your heel and down the back of the leg.
Tendon pain after exercising.
Sore and stiff back of the leg, when you get up in the morning.
Pain that gets worse during the day.
Thickening of the tendon.
Trouble flexing the foot.
Achilles tendon rupture symptoms
A snapping and popping sensation.
Sudden pain at the back of the ankle.
Trouble raising the foot uphill or upstairs.
Swelling at the back of the leg in the middle of the heel and calf.
Everyone is at risk of developing an Achilles tendon injury, however, the common risk factors include
Repetitive stress to the foot.
Increased intense activities or sports over a short period.
Bone spurs which rub against the tendon.
Starting a new sport.
When starting exercise, stress is placed on the tendon causing tight calf muscles.
Wrong footwear during exercise
Walking, running, or exercising on an uneven surface.
Treatment with fluoroquinolone antibiotics.
Treatment of Achilles tendon pain
Pain relief drugs such as naproxen or ibuprofen.
Exercises that mean to strengthen the calf muscles.
Eccentric strength training to take the pressure off the tendon and strengthen the calf muscles.
Involvement in low-impact activities.
Change the footwear for a walking boot or add enhancements such as a splint, orthotic shoes, or a cast.
Shockwave therapy to stimulate the healing process of the damaged tendon tissue. Though not often used, a foot doctor might recommend it before surgery to see if the tendon injury can improve without surgery.
If the above treatments do not work or severe injuries, it calls for surgery. A podiatrist might recommend surgery if the ruptured Achilles pain is severe, difficulty being active, tendon rupture, warping of the heel or tendon area, and a re-injury of the tendon rupture. The Achilles tendon injury surgery depends on the amount of damage and location of the injury.
Recession surgery to lengthen your calf muscles.
Debridement surgery, to repair the tendon or remove damaged tendon tissue.
Surgery or remove the damaged tissues and fix the remaining tissue by moving it to the heel bone.
Achilles tendon injury may be prevented, by warming up before exercising, or before sports. It is advisable to increase activities gradually, wear the correct footwear for activities and if an exercise causes you pain avoid it, avoid uneven surfaces, and if you are on fluoroquinolone antibiotics consult your health care provider for regular monitoring.